THE CREATIVE DYNAMICS OF MEMORY
Student/s: Petros G. Lazaridis, Alexandra Marantidou
Date: May 24, 2013
The maintenance of representations” is what Aristotle defined as memory, back in the 4th century BC. Ever since, the issue of memory, its nature and its properties had a variety of scientific fields concerned themselves with, while still belonging to the most popular topics of discussion and research. Architecture, with its different expressions over the centuries, is a necessary condition of the material hypostasis of memory and its recreation· it encountered the concept of memory with different, but equally crucial, each time ways. Memory is defined in relation to time. It is an ideological link which connects the desired future with the evenly desired past, which is in the meantime rebuilt. Its difference with history is that it reinterprets and specifies relationships, which are incorporated in the context of direct experience. On the other hand, history is a reconstruction of what no longer exists. Collective memory, which is the essence of historical events of a society, is recorded in cities, the place where material history of societies is composed. Therefore, the space is where the way of the human’s integration in time is reflected. The city is an accumulation of traces of its past moments and its forms. The spatial palimpsest is paralleled with the human soul, which as another recording machine, captures the memory. Memory is in need of the support of the space and is rendered impossible without the image. It is a function of the part of the soul, in which imagination is also included. The renovation and alteration of memories, and quite often their selective oblivion, are as well characteristics of memory. Humans are the only beings who can combine the memory of the past, the contemplation of the future and the awareness of the time being, thanks to the concept of consciousness.
The subject of cognitive sciences is to understand the functioning of the cognition’s system, through the construction of simulation models. In a similar way, neuronal investigations help in the understanding of the functional organization of mental processes. The implementation of new approaches that are created at the interface between neuroscience and architecture is considered as the best source for a based on evidence design. Nowadays, there are undoubtedly common features between human and technological memory. With the emergence of cybernetics, concepts of memory and history have been redefined thanks to the new kind of temporality introduced alongside the theory of evolution. Cybernetics is governed by the need of deleting the by-that-time memory. Nevertheless, it brings new conditions in the processes of recording and storing of data. While trying to explore this new world, architects focused on the interaction and dialogue between the system and the designer, participating in the search for artificial intelligence. The great mnemonic capacity is by its nature a compulsory condition for the creation of intelligent machines. Artificial life emerged as an outcome of artificial intelligence· it’s an interdisciplinary field that examines systems related to life, its processes and its evolution. Despite their common methodology, they differ in the way they monitor their strategy’s modeling. All this progress combined with a broader scientific context, contributed to the development of the self-awareness of robotic systems, which have been made able to interact. Memory manifests itself as an intermediary between perception and action, while the robotic systems offer new possibilities in architecture.