Architecture with “living” behavior
Student/s: Sofoklis Kontakis
Date: August 22, 2016
The term “living organism” came to the forefront with the development of the organic theory, which helped to understand the functioning of living organisms, feeding with conceptual origins many scientific fields. One of these fields is architecture, using the example of organism as inspiration, attempted to create a new type of structures which blurred the boundaries between organic and artificial, presenting features that are close to those of the living organism. Thus, architectural systems are studied which can not simply move and change but also can feel, recognize, learn, adapt, evolve and even can anticipate. This new feature of the architecture is the result of artificial intelligence application to new structures in order to acquire cognitive and learning abilities and to develop communication with the user that is to human standards, that is unpredictable and indeterminate. In this architecture, provided to the user-participant the dominant role, as he is the major factor of forming the built space, who as a “living” now, is called not only to understand and meet the needs of the user, but also to express its own needs causing his response.
In such an information exchange, this study will not address the potential of architecture to serve the user, acting as a new kind of prudent servant. Instead, we will focus on the possibilities of architecture giving a sense of “life”, interacting with the user in the same way you would do with a “living organism”, producing behaviors that are not specified by the designer, with the main objective to improve the overall user’s experience. To a better understanding of the phenomenon would be beneficial a look at the deeper theoretical origins of introducing the concept of the “living organism” into something artificial and by extension in the architecture. Obtaining the appropriate theoretical background we can understand both the reasons that man introduced living organism functions in something non-organic, and the future direction of such “living” architecture in order to meet optimally the socio-psychological objectives.