Fashioning Structures: Parametricism
Student/s: Anastasia Siotopoulou
Date: August 29, 2016
At first glance, it could be said, that architecture and fashion have nothing in common, are two independent fields. While architecture associated with the built environment, fashion is the driving force in the clothing industry. However, research in recent years, reports and discussions emphasize exactly the opposite. There are many facts that unite the architectural creation with the world of clothing. Most important of them, their common purpose, creating an asylum – shelter for the human body, a space around it. Architecture and fashion are forms of expressing human’s creativity, they constantly intertwined, drawing inspiration from each other and affecting person’s everyday life, all over the world. The two fields express personal ideas, social and cultural identity, reflecting the concerns of the user and the aspirations of the age. Their relationship is symbiotic one, and throughout history, clothing and building echoed each other in form and appearence.2 This research work, studies this dialectical relationship, focusing on the similarities that tie the two fields and differences they have to overcome. Also, there is an attempt to analyze some basic concepts that concern today, such as materiality, space, identity and the human body-form. At the same time, we research the relationship between the two fields based on contemporary morphogenetic processes and digital media. This relation leads these two fields in common strategies and techniques. More specifically, we try to investigate, the common ground of architecture and fashion, and the possibility of new boundaries between them, in the process of creating form. Contemporary thoughts lead to the creation of new design processes and production methods, new aesthetic directions and new considerations about the meaning behind the two fields. Furthermore, the study is formed in two parts. The first part, which is more important and extensive, is the theoretical frame, while the second consists of modern applications and examples of the two fields. Moreover, to develop the theoretical background of the dialectic relationship between the two fields and the effect of this relationship in design and in human life, the first part is divided into three chapters. In the first chapter, entitled “Garment, Building, Society: Historic Journey”, we try to unfold the most important milestones in history; from ancient times to nowadays. and the way they affected the perception of clothing and habitation. Also, the research emphasizes in the dialogue and the interaction between architecture and fashion. Great importance are 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, during them was developed the above relation between the fields in creating new forms and using new designing methods. Their relationship, throughout history time, leads to similar considerations on some basic concepts that address together. In a detailed study about the ways the two fields operate, shows that can arise unlimited common issues of concern, in both fashion and architecture. These issues can change their relationship, blurring the boundaries between the two fields.
In the second chapter, “Notions” were selected to analyze, based on our personal approach, the most common key conceptual issues that concern the thoughts and the practices of both fields. An analytical study is developed, of the concepts of Materiality, Space, Identity and the Body-Form, in terms of architecture and fashion, comparing the common or different directions they can have in each area. In the third chapter, “Creating form”, is made an attempt to analyze initially, the common practices of architecture and fashion in designing forms, then the practices in the modern production processes in both fields and finally the common strategies and techniques used by both directions on the process of searching new forms. The Chapter “Creating Form” relates directly to the “Concepts”, that realized fashion and architecture, and it observed a transcription of these concepts in the same morphogenetic processes of two fields. Indeed, particular emphasis is given to the common background that have now gained two fields in creating forms, using sophisticated computer systems and new production methods. Meanwhile, the cooperation of both architects and fashion designers, with experts from various disciplines and the joint cooperation of architecture and fashion, leading them into a single platform of thinking, as they use now the same means to express themselves. Moreover, in the second part of this research work, are presented four of the most modern examples of the new digital culture, related on design and new digital forms of both fashion and architecture fields. All projects materialized or not, are creations from the merging generation of ‘designers’, their work based on digital technology and collaboration with professionals from other disciplines. These paradigms are distinguished for integrating knowledge from different studies in architectural design and clothing design through algorithmic methods Finally, this thesis concludes with open questions and concerns about the direction of digital architecture and design thinking. The new forms, the contemporary design and production facilities, the most different perception of the materiality of forms, the new concepts for the operation of both fashion and architecture, completely change the historical development of the two areas. The fact that “Designers” and other scientists are progressing with new promising partnerships, leads to the conclusion, that both fashion and architecture will open a new chapter of searches about the form the two fields will have, but also life itself.